How to start mushroom farming business in Nigeria in 2022

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Have you been wondering what the mushroom farming is all about, how lucrative it is or How to start a mushroom farming business in Nigeria?

Here are the right guide that answers all your questions.

Mushroom farming is the act of cultivating eatable and usable breeds of mushrooms for consumption.

Mushrooms are known to be of many species but just a few of it is consumable while the rest can kill, however, the rise in the demand for mushroom because of the health benefits it’s possesses makes them a business even if it hasn’t found their footing in Nigeria and this is a great opportunity for the farmer to explore.

Is mushroom farming profitable?

This will probably be the question is your mind right and the answer is yes.
Due to the spike in demand for this body of fungi, the business is so profitable.

Also, we only have a few farmers cultivating mushrooms, so I can say the market is still young and small while the demand for it exceeds the market.

You’re thinking of how to join also? Let’s journey together and you will have your answer.

How to start a mushroom farming in Nigeria

Starting a mushroom farming can be stressful and tedious at first because mushrooms are fragile plants that need to be taken care of so well if you’re after making money with them.

The following are things you’re going to need if you want to start a mushroom farming business in Nigeria.

1. Get a land

Land the first time you will be needing for your mushroom farming.

Build a mud house

According to research, a mud house is the best to store mushrooms because it gives way to the inflow and outflow of air, and this will help preserve your mushrooms.

Decide your substrate

As we all know that mushrooms don’t grow on the ground like every other crop, mushrooms are fungi that grow on dead things.

A substrate is that thing that will accommodate the growth of your mushrooms.

Some of the substrates you can use include sawdust, wheat bran, lots of woods, and rice bran.

How to get your substrate ready for mushroom farming.

  1. Firstly, after deciding what substrate to use, you must sterilize it to avoid any microorganisms because just a little mistake of not doing so can ruin your mushroom business.
  2. Spread the substrate inside a container that it’s big enough to accommodate the growth of your mushrooms.
  3. Add the spawn which is the mushroom seedling to the substrate.
  4. Heat the container that houses your spawn and your substrate. It is established that the spawn needs some high level of health to have a good rooting on the substrate. You can also place it in the sun if you don’t want to heat it through another medium.
  5. Place the mixture in a dark room for a couple of weeks until it grows.
  6. Finally, transfer the mixture to your land and water it so well and often to keep it damp because it needs a lot of water for its growth.

If you prefer the usage of woods to sawdust, you can also follow the following process to hey your substrate ready for the mushroom however, using sawdust is quite easy and direct.

You should never forget that no matter the substrate being used, sterilization is compulsory.

  • Get your log of wood and make a hole right in the woods. The hole isn’t expected to be so wide or deep. Just a little hole that can contain the little amount of spawn at once.
  • Place your mushroom sseedlings (awn) right inside the hole you have made in the woods.
  • Place the wood and the seeds in it under a cool area. You don’t need to heat or sundry this because woods emit their heat and this is enough for what we want to do.
  • Spray continuously with water till the mushroom starts growing.

4. Keep a good hygiene

Mushrooms are known to be clean organism that grows more and more in a clean place. You should practice good hygiene if you want to make a profit from the business.

Rules to follow in mushroom farming

  • You must be hygienic enough to keep your mushroom farm clean and well sterilized
  • Don’t start so big at first because you can make one or two mistakes and you starting all out at once may cause a great loss.
  • Seek advice from an expert that has been in the business for a long.
  • Study the business yourself and decides what works for you.

Things to avoid in mushroom farming

1. Don’t try implementing your theory if you just started. We all feel the urge to discover new and easy ways of doing things but if you’re really in the business to make money, do away with that urge and focus on the procedure being given.

2. Avoid buying bad seedlings as they may be the cheapest.
3. Don’t rush your growth as mushrooms need time to blossom and expand.

Frequently asked questions on Mushroom farming

1. How much does it cost to start a mushroom business in Nigeria?

This depends on the size of your farm or how big you want it to be. Mushroom farming requires just a little amount of capital ranging from #100,000 to #200,000 depending on your capacity.

2. How much is a kilo of mushroom in Nigeria?

As of the time this post is been compiled, a kilo of mushroom is worth more than a kilo of chicken. This shows the importance of this organism. A kilo of mushroom Worth’s #3000.

3. What is the demand for mushrooms in Nigeria?

According to research done by the NFIS, Nigeria is only able to produce 300 tons of mushrooms per year while we are faced with the demand of 1200 tons. This is a good time to join the business and makes money.

Read this: Kudi POS – withdrawal charges, machine price & daily target

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